Investigation of Interfacial Charge Separation at PbS QDs/(001) TiO2 Nanosheets Heterojunction Solar Cell

Citation:

Elham Ghadiri, Bin Liu, Jacques-E. Moser, Michael Grätzel, and lioz etgar. 2015. “Investigation of Interfacial Charge Separation at PbS QDs/(001) TiO2 Nanosheets Heterojunction Solar Cell.” Part. Part. Syst. Charact., 2015, 32: 483–488.

Abstract:

In the recent years, the heterojunction solar cells based on quantum dots (QDs) have attracted attention due to strong light absorbing characteristics and the size effect on the bandgap tuning. This paper reports on the kinetics of interfacial charge separation of PbS QDs/(001) TiO 2 nanosheets heterojunction solar cells. PbS QDs are deposited using a bifunctional linker molecule on two different TiO 2 fi lms, i.e., TiO 2 nanosheets (with 001 dominant exposed facet) and TiO 2 nanoparticles (with 101 dominant exposed facet). Upon bandgap excitation, electrons are transferred from the PbS QDs conduction band to the lower lying conduction band of TiO 2 . Based on the ultrafast pump-probe laser spectroscopy technique, the kinetics of charge separation is scrutinized at the PbS/TiO 2 interface. The interfacial charge separation at PbS/TiO 2 nanosheets films made of (001) dominant exposed facets is fi ve times faster than that on (101) dominant exposed facets TiO 2 nanoparticles. The quantum yields for charge injection are higher for the (001) TiO 2 nanosheets than the (101) TiO 2 nanoparticles due to enhanced interfacial interaction with (001) surface compared to the (101) nanoparticles. The superior interfacial charge separation at PbS/(001) nanosheets respect to PbS/(101) nanoparticles is consistent with the higher photocurrent and enhanced power conversion effi ciency in the PbS QDs/(001) TiO 2 heterojunction solar cell. The use of (001) TiO 2 nanosheets can be a better alternative to conventional mesoporous TiO 2 fi lms in QD heterojunction solar cells and perovskites-based heterojunction solar cells.