Tunable Length and Optical Properties of CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)Nanowires with a Few Unit Cells

Citation:

Daniel Amgar, Avigail Stern, Dvir Rotem, Danny Porath, and lioz etgar. 1/17/2017. “Tunable Length and Optical Properties of CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I)Nanowires with a Few Unit Cells.” Nano Letters, 2017, 17: 1007−1013.

Abstract:

Perovskite nanostructures, both hybrid organo−metal
and fully inorganic perovskites, have gained a lot of interest in the past
few years for their intriguing optical properties in the visible region. We
report on inorganic cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) nanowires (NWs)
having quantum confined dimensions corresponding to 5 unit cells. The
addition of various hydrohalic acids (HX, X = Cl, Br, I) was found to
highly affect the NW length, composition, and optical properties.
Hydrochloric (HCl) and hydroiodic (HI) acids mixed in the reaction
solution influence the crystal structure and optical properties and
shorten the NWs, while the hydrobromic acid (HBr) addition results
solely in shorter NWs, without any structural change. The addition of HX increases the acidity of the reaction solution, resulting
in protonation of the oleylamine ligands from oleylamine into oleyl-ammonium cations that behave similarly to Cs+ during
crystallization. Therefore, the positions of the Cs+ at the growing surface of the NWs are taken by the oleyl-ammonium cations,
thus blocking further growth in the favored direction. The emission of the NWs is tunable between ∼423−505 nm and possesses
a potential in the optoelectronic field. Moreover, electrical conductivity measurements

Last updated on 10/31/2017